Home Construction Tips

home Construction Tips

You’re successful in overseeing the initial plan, but there are things you still need to be reminded of. Always apply waterproofing to the exterior of the walls. Remember that the drilling should maintain a distance from the septic system. If in doubt, check the code requirements.

After the rough plumbing, install heat ducts immediately. Go over the rough inspections before you proceed to the interior walls. Also make sure that you have a room for built-in cabinets, accessories and appliances. When you’re already finished with the final landscaping, you can start cleaning just before you move in! It is important to get involve even with technical details so you’ll always maximize the full potential of your living space.

The Classical Victorian Style

Victorian homes may just be the right choice for those who wish to have a lavish space with classic taste. A typical Victorian style is a made of two story steep roof pitches, dormers, and octagonal turrets. Its key element is a gingerbread detailing. If it reflects your style and suits your family’s needs, and if you’re budget will allow it, you can talk to your architect and contractor for a good construction layout and designs.

The Simple Traditional Style

For typical American families, traditional homes may be more practical for you to have. It is a unique mix of various architectural styles aimed to meet your designs, preferences, and desires. It is a popular choice among real estate house buyers. Perhaps because of its simple yet comfortable space designs, people find it more appealing to modern family dwelling.

Picture Perfect Home

Have you ever played Lego or pick-up sticks? When I was young, I used to play these sort of pieces and them put them all together to build a house or a station for my action figures in their so-called miniature village of destruction. But when you grow up, funny how your village of destruction turns into lavish ideas of castles and paradise like those of Barbie. I’m not an aging gay man but when you’ve got family, you think of nothing but the best. Unlike the silly old games I used to play, it’s not easy to put pieces all together into building a real house. There are lots of houses everywhere. You can lease or buy your own. But the big question is, what do you really want to see when you walk through a home?

Deciding on the right Hot Water Heater System

Make Your Choice of Hot Water on Demand System

How wonderful it would be if you could get hot water instantly at the turn of a tap; and would be able to save money on utility bills as well. Well it is a dream come true and tankless water heaters is going to make it happen.

When you install tankless water heater system you will be saving 40 percent on your water heating costs annually; the system is going to serve you faithfully for more than twenty years without giving you trouble; and you will be getting hot water in seconds on turning the faucet on.

With so much to offer you can’t resist the temptation of installing a tankless water heater system in your home. The best part of it is that you have a choice to make from the two systems that are available. You can either choose the whole house tankless water heater or the point-of-use water heaters.

Choice of Water Heaters

Selecting a water heater is a serious issue as you will have to take into account a few factors that are vital. The water heater should be able to provide enough hot water and should contribute towards conservation of energy and saving of money. When you consider such factors, other factors like the size, power source and energy efficiency also have to be deliberated on.

Due to its low upfront cost conventional storage water heaters is the preferred water heating system for home. In this system a storage tank with a capacity from 20 to 80 gallons is used to store hot water at

How to Determine Water Heater Sizing

Choosing the right size of water heater is as important as choosing the right water heater. If you make a mistake you will either be stranded with hot water running out too early, or will be seeing your energy bill going through the roof. Proper sizing will keep you warm and also save you money. And proper sizing is no big deal, with a little bit of calculation you can easily estimate the sizing.

For sizing a traditional water heater all you have to do is choose the hour of the day when practically every plumbing fixture and household equipments are spewing hot water. The shower will consume around 2.2 gallons per minute; multiply this with number of shower taken with the duration of each shower.

Becoming a Professional Plumber

When it comes to plumbing problems, many are under the impression that they will be able to handle the problem themselves. Whenever something does happen they simply jump at the opportunity to display their skill in handling such a situation without giving it much thought.

As a result the situation sometimes turns out to be a disaster in the making. Thus a situation that could have been averted with the help of a professional plumber becomes a major catastrophe. Therefore before plunging yourself into a plumbing problem you should assess the situation first to determine whether you can handle it or you need a professional plumber to do it. Whenever there is an iota of doubt, always call in the professional.

Before engaging a licensed plumber determine what type of professional you require; find out the cost involved and enquire about the ability of the plumber.

How to Become a Plumbing Apprentice

There are three levels in plumbing profession – apprentice, journeyman and master. If you want to become a professional licensed plumber you have to first become an apprentice. During your apprenticeship you are attached to a journeyman who will be teaching you all the rudiments of the profession. You will get hands-on training by doing actual work alongside him.

During his apprenticeship he learns from the journeyman all about the plumbing tools and equipment that he has to use. He learns all about various types of pipes that are used in plumbing and how to work with them. He has to familiarize himself with all the plumbing fixtures, what their purpose is and how to work with them. He is also to learn about the building codes that need to be followed with regard to plumbing at homes and commercial buildings. During his apprenticeship he is give to work on projects on his own to enable him to get practical experience and learn the trade hands-on.

How to Become a MASTER PlumbER

Master plumber is the highest level of qualification in the plumbing profession. There is another level lower to this; called a licensed professional plumber. Basically there is not much difference in the two levels except that the Master plumber has more experience in the plumbing profession than the others.

To be a master plumber you got to have seven to ten years of hands-on experience under a master plumber; pass a state exam in plumbing, which typically has theoretical part and a practical part. In addition you have to submit documentary proof of your plumbing experience either in the form of an affidavit or a statement of your earnings from your employer. However, the type and the level of documentation will depend on the prevailing rules and regulation of the sate you are in.

An Insider Peek Into The World Of Woodworking

An Insider Peek Into The World Of Woodworking

Woodworking can be an exciting hobby for folks who like to work with their hands and craft things. However, there are some very important safety woodworking tips you should keep in mind in order to avoid losing fingers or much worse.

One of the first things to remember is to wear appropriate clothing. You want whatever you’re wearing to be somewhat tight fitting.

Any clothing that is baggy or loose on you has the potential to get caught in one of your power tools, which can suck you in too. You should also wear clothing that is comfortable and allows for a great range of motion, so you can move quickly if you need to.

In addition to your clothing, you should also be wearing the proper safety equipment for whatever you are doing.

If using power tools, you should have safety goggles or glasses on to stop anything from flying in to your eyes, and you should wear earplugs to protect your ears from damage to prolonged loud noises.

In addition, you may need to wear a facemask if dust and fumes are particularly bad.

Once you begin working, it is important to remember to think about what you’re doing before you actually cut or drill the wood. Not only will this stop you from making mistakes, such as cutting off too much, but it will also help you keep from cutting off any fingers.

You should also make sure that you take your time when working on woodworking projects. Don’t be in a hurry to get things done, because the faster you go, the more likely you are to make a mistake or injure yourself.

You should also make sure that you’re not forcing tools or wood to do something when there is more than normal resistance. Often times this is a sign that the tool is clogged or broken.

You should stop, turn off the tool and unplug it and then examine it to make sure it has no debris that is interfering with its ability to function.

Your work environment should also be made to minimize unsafe conditions. Your shop or woodworking area should be kept clean, so that stuff doesn’t get in the way or you don’t trip over something.

In addition, you shouldn’t have anything in your shop that might distract you from your work. TVs and other devices can often cause you to look away from what you are doing for a brief second, and unfortunately that is all that it takes to lose a finger or two.

Finally, you should never operate woodworking power tools after you have been drinking. Alcohol impairs your judgment and slows your reaction time. While you may think you are okay to operate a table saw or drill, you might not be.

For your own safety, do not work on any woodworking after consuming alcohol.

These are just a few of the many safety woodworking tips there are. More can be found on the Internet at various woodworking websites.

Following these tips will keep you safe and allow you to enjoy your woodworking hobby for many years to come.

ABCs of DIY Plumbing

Because of the cost of hiring an expert plumber and because of the great feeling you get when you’ve the done your job yourself, more and more people are learning all they can about the plumbing in their homes and what to do when things go wrong.

As they say knowledge is power and people should start by understanding that the plumbing system in their homes has three distinct parts,

  • The supply carries water to your home’s fixtures
  • The drain waste system carries used water away
  • The vent system carries away sewer gases and maintains proper pressure inside the pipes.

There are several problems that the average homeowner can encounter and they can work on themselves once they understand the plumbing in their homes and what they can tackle without too much difficulty.

Clearing Blocked Drains And Toilets

One of the more common problems encountered by the average homeowner are clogged and blocked drains and toilets. Although the experts suggest here that chemical drain cleaners can be used to prevent clogs they should never be used to clear them.

Here it’s recommended that the plunger and the auger are the tools that will get the best results. To get the best results when you’re plunging, there are several things that you need to look at. You should choose a plunger that has a suction cup large enough to cover a drain opening completely.

The clogged fixture should have enough water in it to create a seal. Cover all the other outlets before you start and make sure that you cover the plunger seal with some sort of petroleum jelly to increase the suction.

Using The Auger

One of the other options that you have is to use an auger to break the clog. Here you need to feed the line into the drain or trap until it stops. There should be some sort of handle at the other end that you can rotate clockwise to break the clog. It’s important that you should never rotate the handle counterclockwise as you can damage the cable.
As the cable works its way into the pipe you can loosen the nut on the handle near the cable and then force more of the cable down. Remember to tighten the nut back up after you’ve moved it down.

When you feel the clog break free, you can pull the auger out slowly but you should have a pail at the ready to catch anything that’s been caught on the cable on the way back up. It’s important that you flush the drain with hot water after you’re done and lubricate the auger before you put it away.

Learning how to do some essential elements of your home plumbing is often as easy as finding the right tools and learning how to use them. When you understand how the plumbing in your house works, you’ll be better equipped to deal with any of the little emergencies that crop up.

Repair Sloping Floors

I have noticed the house settling really bad on one side. It is mainly the living room and back bedroom. It has gotten so bad that you can notice how it slopes down as you walk through the hall really bad. I have been going to work on the attic area and get it fixed up for livable space and just went up there to check things out and noticed even that space over the living room and back bedroom is also sloping really bad. So I went to the basement to see if I can find out what happened. And it really scared me.

Repair Sloping Floors

The basement is kind of like a full basement where there is about the size of a room cemented in and can be walked around in. The heat and air unit and washer and dryer go down there. Well in 4 areas are these really heavy large poles that are screwed into the cement floor and go all the way up to the top to keep the floor level above. Well one of the post has gotten old and fallen out of the square thing it was in that is screwed to the floor. I don’t think I can use any of the parts that have fallen since it is kind of damp down there at times when we get a lot of rain. So it is pretty much rusted out and ruined.

The other 3 still look like they are in good shape. But how do I get the floor leveled back out without that pole? I thought maybe I could get a really heavy board and beat it with a hammer until I get it in the area. But I don’t know if that would work. And I know the jacks that are sold in the stores would never go that high. I could put some jacks back in the back where there is dirt that wasn’t finished. It is just about 3 feet back there.

Floor Jacks

Which is actually only about 4 feet from where the post was so it may work. If the dirt under the jack doesn’t give, which it probably won’t since it is like concrete back there it is so hard. But then I don’t know if I have the strength to push on a jack and get it to go up and level the floor. Are they really hard to get up? I am really worried about the house staying this way too long. And I don’t have a man around to help give me extra strength.

By “the jacks that are sold in stores” do you mean the ones for cars? Those are not tall enough, but there are special jacks used for houses that consist of a column with a built-in threaded extension that are used for jacking up basement beams. You install one next to the broken column and jack it up very slowly, over a period of several weeks, until the height is where it’s supposed to be. Then you put in a new column to replace the jack. From the way you’re talking, it doesn’t sound as though this would be a do-it-yourself job for you, but a contractor could do it easily.

Incorporation of Reaction Center Proteins into Tethered Lipid Vesicles

INCORPORATION of Reaction Center Proteins into Tethered Lipid Vesicles

The ubiquity integral membrane proteins and their importance in cellular processes, particularly signaling and transport, have motivated a wide range functional and structural studies. However, it has proven to be very difficult to incorporate functional and laterally mobile membrane proteins into supported lipid bilayers, which allow experimental access to and control over bilayer components. This difficulty presumably is due to the close proximity of the solid support surface to the bilayer.

We here demonstrate that the reaction center, an integral membrane protein from purple photosynthetic bacteria, is successfully reconstituted into lipid vesicles and tethered via complementary DNA oligonucleotide-lipid conjugates to a planar lipid bilayer. Using dye-labeled proteins and lipids, the presence of both protein and lipid in individual tethered vesicles is easily confirmed by fluorescence microscopy. The proteoliposomes are mobile on the surface, demonstrating that the tethered vesicle system may be used to study membrane protein function and interaction in a native-like lipid environment.

Other research interests

Covalent modification of the reaction center for incorporation of probes that can report protein properties/function (electron transfer) e.g.
–measurement of the electric fields in the reaction center using vibrational probes
–protein dynamics as a function of charge separation using spin labels

Non-research interests

Classical music performance (violin/viola, chamber music), science policy, hiking/bamboo yoga wear/tennis/swimming

Hertz Foundation Fellowships

The Graduate Fellowship Award
is based on merit (not need) and consists of a cost-of-education allowance and a personal-support stipend.

The cost-of-education allowance is accepted by all of the tenable schools in lieu of all fees and tuition. Hertz Fellows therefore have no liability for any ordinary educational costs, regardless of their choice among tenable schools.

Successful applicants have the choice of two Fellowship options:

Option 1 – Five Year Hertz

  • $31,000/ 9-month personal stipend*
  • Full tuition equivalent
  • Renewable for up to 5 years

Option 2 – Five-Year Coordinated
Hertz Period – Two Years

  • $36,000/ 9-month personal stipend*
  • Full tuition equivalent

Other Fellowship Period – Up to Three Years

  • $3,500/ year supplemental stipend* from Hertz
  • Requires Awardee to accept a 3-year Fellowship from another source

The Five-Year Hertz Fellowship award (Option 1) is renewable annually (upon a showing of satisfactory progress toward receipt of the Ph.D. degree) for a total Fellowship tenure of no more than five years.

* $5,000/ year additional stipend for Fellows with dependent children.

Fellows must attend one of the Foundation’s tenable schools, or must petition the Foundation to include a school that he/she desires to attend.

Eligibility

Evidence of exceptional creativity, broad understanding of physical principles, and outstanding potential for innovative research is expected.

Eligible applicants for Hertz Fellowships must be students of the applied physical sciences who are citizens or permanent residents of the United States of America, and who are willing to morally commit to make their skills available to the United States in time of national emergency (see our Moral Commitmentsection).

College seniors wishing to pursue the Ph.D. degree in any of the fields of particular interest to the Foundation, as well as graduate students already in the process of doing so, may apply.

We screen Fellowship applicants for qualities the Foundation believes are essential ingredients of future professional accomplishment and/or reasonably reliable leading indicators of future professional success. These include:

  • Exceptional Intelligence and Creativity
    with particular emphasis on those aspects pertinent to technical endeavors
  • Excellent Technical Education
    evidenced not only by transcripts and reference reports from senior technical professionals, but also by the results of a personal, technical interview
  • Orientation and Commitment to the applications of the physical sciences
    as is typical of most applicants
  • Extraordinary Accomplishment in technical or related professional studies
    which may offset slightly lower academic records, or add luster to outstanding ones
  • Features of Temperament and Character conducive to high attainment as a technical professional
    the assessment of which is difficult, albeit important to the Foundation
  • Appropriate moral and ethical values
    of considerable interest to the Foundation in the furthering of our basic goals
  • Leverage
    what difference the award of the Hertz Fellowship is likely to make in the kind, quality, and/or personal creativity of the student’s graduate research

We do not support students pursuing advanced professional degrees other than the Ph.D., such as enrollees in M.D., LLD or MBA programs, although we will support the Ph.D. portion of a joint M.D./Ph.D. study program. For a list of general fields of study in which Graduate Fellowships are offered by the Foundation, see Fields.

 

Graduate Fellowship Awards

The Hertz Foundation’s Graduate Fellowship award, which is based on merit (not need) consists of a cost-of-education allowance and a personal-support stipend.

The cost-of-education allowance is accepted by all of the tenable schools in lieu of all fees and tuition. Hertz Fellows therefore have no liability for any ordinary educational costs, regardless of their choice among tenable schools.

Successful applicants have the choice of two Fellowship options:

  1. Five-Year Hertz – Option 1
    – $28,000/9-month personal stipend
    – Full tuition equivalent
    – Renewable for up to 5 years
  2. Five-Year Coordinated – Option 2
    Hertz Period – Two Years
    – $33,000/9-month personal stipend
    – Full tuition equivalent
    Other Fellowship Period – Up to Three Years
    – $3,000/ year supplemental stipend from Hertz
    – Requires Awardee to accept a 3-year Fellowship from another source

The Five-Year Hertz Fellowship award (Option 1) is renewable annually (upon a showing of satisfactory progress toward receipt of the Ph.D. degree) for a total Fellowship tenure of no more than five years.

Fellows must attend one of the Foundation’s tenable schools, or must petition the Foundation to include a school that he/she desires to attend.